• Independent since 27 August 1991

  • OSCE membership since 30 January 1992

  • CoE membership since 13 July 1995

  • Constitution: adopted 29 July 1994

  • Form of government: parliamentary republic

  • Population: 3,619,925 (est. 2014)

  • Registered Voters: 3,072,000 (December, 2014)

  • Head of state: President, indirectly elected by parliament, 4-year term

Since March 2012 Nicolae Timofti

  • Head of government: Prime Minister, designated by the President in consultation with the parliament

Since 25 April 2013 Iurie Leancā

  • Assembly: unicameral

Parliament (Parlament) 101 deputies, 4-year term

Election system: proportional representation system, single nationwide constituency


Turnout at least 33% for election to be valid

Threshold: 4% for parties and 2% for independent candidates

Electoral coalitions permitted

Promo-LEX Association


Promo-LEX Association is a civil society organization established in 2002 as a human rights and advocacy organization whose purpose is to advance democracy in the Republic of Moldova, including the Transnistrian region through promoting and defending human rights, monitoring democratic processes and strengthening the civil society.


Promo-LEX is the leading NGO with expertise in independent election monitoring in Moldova and from 2009:

  • observed 5 national elections (LTO and STO observation, QC, PVT);

  • launched 18 election monitoring reports and made 100 recommendations for improving electoral legislation;

  • participated in 7 international missions;

  • became member of ENEMO and GNDEM.




Association Promo-LEX

11, Dumitru Riscanu str, off 41
For correspondence:

P.O.Box 89,

MD 2012, Chisinau, Moldova
Tel: + 373 22 450024, 492684, 449626
Fax: + 373 22 450024


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Presidential election: 2016
Parliamentary election: 2018


Electoral code of the Republic of Moldova


Download here:

PDF (MD)  |  PDF (RU), amended in August 2013, source: Central Election Commission of Moldova


PDF (EN) as amended in January 2012, source: Venice Commission of CoE


OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights

access here


International Foundation for Electoral Systems

access here


Venice Commission of the Council of Europe (documents)

access here


IDEA Voter Turnout Data

access here